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Metformin

US Brand Name Metformin
Generic Name Metformin
Other Brand NameMetformin
Packing100
Manufacturer USV
Form Tablet
Strength 500 mg

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Details

Drug Description

Metformin is a diabetes medication indicated to control blood sugar levels. It is used unaided or with other antidiabetic medications to treat type 2 diabetes. This drug reduces the quantity of sugar that the liver generates and the intestines absorb.

Contraindication

Metformin is contraindicated in patients having congestive heart failure, a low blood oxygen levels, severe infection, kidney or liver problems, or severe dehydration, high blood ketone or acid levels, allergy to any component in this drug. These tablets also should be avoided by patients requiring surgery or certain lab process. It is also contraindicated in patients who are 80 years old or older, have a recent heart attack, and have not made kidney function test.

Direction for Use

  • Discuss with your doctor to know the appropriate dosage for you. Use Metformin as guided by your physician.
  • Metformin has to be taken by mouth with food.
  • Take it regularly for best result and at the same time every day.
  • Keep on taking the drug even if you feel better. Never neglect any dose.
  • The patient can take the dose instant possible if a dose is missed. But he/she must avoid taking the missed dose if it is more or less time for your next dose. Consult your physician about how to use Metformin.

Drug Interaction

There are a number of drugs that should be avoided with Metformin. These drugs include amiloride, digoxin, cimetidine, morphine, quinidine, procainamide, quinine, triamterene, ranitidine, trimethoprim, or vancomycin. Other drugs that may increase high or low blood sugar by using this drug are corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone), calcium channel blockers (e.g., nifedipine), diuretics (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide), hormonal contraceptives (e.g., birth control pills), estrogen, insulin, phenothiazine (e.g., chlorpromazine), isoniazid, phenytoin, nicotinic acid, sympathomimetics (e.g., pseudoephedrine, albuterol),sulfonylureas (e.g., glipizide), or thyroid hormones (e.g., levothyroxine).

Confer with your physician if Metformin may cause interaction with other medications. Seek advice from your physician before you initiate, discontinue, or modify the dosage of any medication.

Side Effects

Seek medical help if any side effect happen such as, trouble breathing; muscle pain or weakness; slow or uneven heart rate trouble breathing; muscle pain or weakness; slow or uneven heart rate; tired,

These tablets may induce lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis can begin gradually and worsen eventually. Seek medical attention if you feel mild signs of lactic acidosis, such as, nausea with vomiting; stomach upset, indigestion, light-headed.

Some serious side effect may also be experienced for instance, fever, body aches, chills, flu symptoms, feeling short of breath; swelling or rapid weight gain. Also there are chances of adverse reactions such as headache; weakness; or muscle pain; gas, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain and mild nausea etc.

Precaution

The patient should take care while driving or doing other probably risky tasks until its response is revealed.

Strictly observe the diet and exercise plan advised by your doctor.

Avoid drinking alcohol while using Metformin.

Inform your doctor that you use this preparation before you obtain any medical or dental care, or surgery.

Avoid getting dehydrated, particularly during hot weather or while you work.

Fetch an ID card always to show you have diabetes. Test your blood sugar levels as guided by your physician.

If Fever, injury, infection, or surgery occurs, examine your blood sugar strictly and inform your doctor without ado.

Do lab tests for checking kidney function, hemoglobin A1c, fasting blood glucose, and blood counts.

Caution is advised while giving it to the elderly, children younger than 10 years old; or pregnancy and breast-feeding women.